This research was made possible by the Mayo Clinic Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery . The researchers used the OptumLabs Data Warehouse, which includes deidentified records of more than 160 million privately insured and Medicare patients of all ages and races, and from the United States. It is a resource of OptumLabs, a collaborative research and innovation center co-founded by Mayo Clinic and Optum in 2013. This uniquely vast data source contains deidentified insurance claims, socioeconomic information, electronic health records and consumer behavior data. It enables the researchers to investigate across a much broader patient base than previously available to health science researchers, resulting in more generalizable and reliable findings.