If none of these preventative measures or treatments is effective, a visit to an ear, nose, and throat specialist may be warranted. During the examination, a CT scan of the sinuses may be ordered to determine the extent of blockage caused by chronic sinusitis. If no chronic sinusitis were found, treatment might then include allergy testing and desensitization (allergy shots). Acute sinusitis is treated with antibiotics and decongestants. If antibiotics fail to relieve the chronic sinusitis and accompanying headaches, endoscopic or image-guided surgery may be the recommended treatment.
When it comes to treating sinus infections, “patients vary as to when they will seek medical intervention. Some will come in after only a day or two of symptoms; some not for two to three weeks,” Seiden said. Longer waits can make symptoms harder to treat, he said, “while many patients with symptoms for only a few days will in fact have a viral infection.”
Although there are few downsides to using nasal steroids such as those in the review —they are fairly expensive, Seiden said. According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, diagnosing and treating sinusitis costs Americans nearly $6 billion every year.
Epidural steroid injections are most commonly used in situations of radicular pain, which is a radiating pain that is transmitted away from the spine by an irritated spinal nerve. Irritation of a spinal nerve in the low back ( lumbar radiculopathy ), such as from lumbar spinal stenosis , cervical spinal stenosis, herniated disc , and foraminal encroachment, causes back pain that goes down the leg. Epidural injection is also used as a minimally invasive procedure to treat nerve compression in the neck (cervical spine), referred to as cervical radiculopathy , which causes pain.